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Can truth survive this president

piumini moncler outlet Back moncler bambino saldi in the summer of 2002, long before “fake news” or “post truth” infected the vernacular, one of President George W. Bush’s top advisers mocked a journalist for being part of the “reality based community.” Seeking answers in reality was for suckers, the unnamed adviser explained. “We’re an empire now, and when we act, we create our own reality.” This was the hubris and idealism of a post Cold War, pre Iraq War superpower: If you exert enough pressure, events will bend to your will. piumini moncler outlet

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moncler donna Carlos Lozada is the nonfiction book critic of The Washington Post. He has also served as The Post’s economics editor, national security editor and Outlook editor. He received the 2015 National Book moncler outlet Critics Circle’s piumini moncler scontatissimi citation for excellence in reviewing. It is not born of grand strategy or ideology; it is impulsive and self serving. It is not arrogant, but shameless. moncler donna

moncler bambino saldi Bush wanted to remake the world. President Trump, by contrast, piumini moncler outlet just wants to make it up as he goes along. moncler bambino saldi

outlet moncler The disregard for honesty in the Trump era, with its ever changing menu of “alternative facts,” is eliciting new research and polemics from philosophers, literary critics, political analysts and social scientists. (In the publishing world circa summer 2018, the death of truth brigade is rivaled only by the death of democracy crew.) Through all their debates over who is to blame for imperiling truth (whether Trump, postmodernism, social media or Fox News), as well as the consequences (invariably dire) and the solutions (usually vague), a few conclusions materialize, should you choose to believe them. outlet moncler

moncler bambino outlet Truth is not dead, but it is degraded, and its cheapening political value predates current management. There is a pattern and logic behind the dishonesty of moncler bambino outlet Trump and his surrogates; however, it’s less multidimensional chess than the simple subordination of reality to political and personal ambition. And ironically, at moncler bambino outlet a time when the president’s supporters mock liberal sensitivities, Trump’s untruth sells best precisely when feelings and instincts overpower facts, when America becomes a safe space for fabrication. moncler bambino outlet

moncler saldi uomo President Trump made more than 3,200 false of misleading claims from his first day in office through this May, according to Washington Post fact checkers. (Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post) moncler saldi uomo

moncler outlet serravalle Post truth politics has been around for a while, enduring and evolving. When Jesus told Pontius Pilate that he came to bear witness to the truth, the Roman prefect asked, “What is truth?” (Some theologians think Pilate was kidding, but maybe he was worried about fake good news?) A couple of millennia later, Rand Corp. scholars Jennifer Kavanagh and Michael D. Rich point to the Gilded Age, the Roaring Twenties and the rise of television in moncleroutlet-i the mid 20th century as recent periods of what they call “Truth Decay” marked by growing disagreement over facts and interpretation of data; a blurring of lines between opinion, fact and personal experience; and diminishing trust in once respected sources of information. Once you add the silos of social media as well as deeply polarized politics and deteriorating civic education, it becomes “nearly impossible to have the types of meaningful policy debates that form the foundation of democracy.” True to their calling, the social scientists don’t provide much in the way of actionable solutions, but they do serve up 114 possible question topics meriting further research, divided into four broad categories and 22 sub groups. So Rand y. moncler outlet serravalle

moncler outlet trebaseleghe In her slim, impassioned book “The Death of Truth,” former New York Times book critic Michiko Kakutani is less circumspect, aiming a fusillade of literary allusions and personal insults at the president. Trump is an “over the top avatar of narcissism, mendacity, ignorance, prejudice, boorishness, demagoguery, and tyrannical impulses (not to mention someone who consumes as many as a dozen Diet Cokes a day).. some manic cartoon artist’s mashup of Ubu Roi, Triumph the Insult Comic Dog, and a character discarded by Molire,” she writes. To interpret our era’s debasement of language, Kakutani reflects perceptively on the World moncler outlet serravalle War II era works of Victor Klemperer, who showed how the Nazis used moncler saldi uomo “words as ‘tiny doses of arsenic’ to poison and subvert the German culture,” and of Stefan Zweig, whose memoir “The World of Yesterday” highlights how ordinary Germans failed to grasp the sudden erosion of their freedoms. Not exactly outlet moncler subtle. moncler outlet trebaseleghe

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moncler saldi At times Kakutani feels a bit scattershot in her cultural references. Turns out America today, in its sense of randomness and meaninglessness and indifference to consequences, is like “The Great Gatsby.” And like “Fight Club.” It’s also like “No Country for Old Men.” It’s even like “True Detective,” though we don’t learn why. But she is more focused when exploring the left piumini moncler uomo wing pedigree of post truth culture. Even though she laments that objectivity has declined ever since “a solar system of right wing news sites orbiting around Fox News and Breitbart News consolidated its gravitational hold over the Republican base,” Kakutani calls out lefty academics who for decades preached postmodernism and social constructivism, which argued that truth is not universal but a reflection of relative power, structural forces and personal vantage points. In the early culture wars, centered on literary studies, postmodernists rejected Enlightenment ideals as “vestiges of old patriarchal and imperialist thinking,” Kakutani writes, paving the way for today’s violence against fact in politics and science. moncler saldi

moncler outlet “It’s safe to say that Trump has never plowed through the works of Derrida, Baudrillard, or Lyotard (if he’s even heard of them),” Kakutani sniffs. But while she argues that “postmodernists are hardly to blame for all the free floating nihilism abroad in the land,” she concedes that “dumbed down corollaries” of postmodernist thought have been hijacked by Trump’s defenders, who use them to explain away his lies, inconsistencies and broken promises. moncler outlet

moncler outlet online shop In “Post Truth,” Boston University philosophy professor Lee McIntyre has no problem affixing blame. “At some level all ideologies are moncler outlet online shop an enemy of the process by which truth is discovered,” he writes. But he convincingly tracks how intelligent design proponents and later climate deniers drew from postmodernism to undermine public perceptions of evolution and climate change. And he notes, moncler uomo for example, that pro Trump troll and conspiracy theorist Mike Cernovich, who helped popularize the “Pizzagate” lie, has forthrightly cited his unlikely influences. “Look, I moncler saldi outlet read postmodernist theory in college,” Cernovich told the New Yorker in 2016. “If everything is a narrative, then we need alternatives to the dominant narrative. I don’t seem like a guy who reads [Jacques] Lacan, do I?” moncler outlet online shop

When truth becomes malleable and contestable regardless of evidence, a mere tussle of manufactured narratives, it becomes less about conveying facts than about picking sides, particularly in politics. “When a political leader is really powerful, he or she can defy reality.”

moncler outlet online uomo The Washington Post counted 3,251 false or misleading claims by the president from his first day in office through this May, while former White House press secretary Sean Spicer will forever be remembered for the most bizarre falsehood of Trump’s inaugural weekend, when he declared moncler outlet online uomo from the lectern of the press room that the new president had enjoyed “the largest audience ever to witness an inauguration, period.” But it was White moncler donna House counselor Kellyanne Conway, defending Spicer the next day, who captured this presidency’s postmodernist project, suggesting that her colleague had merely offered “alternative facts” about the inauguration. moncler outlet online uomo

piumini moncler scontatissimi Spicer’s lie was conventional, an effort to have us believe something specific that is not true. Conway’s framing went further, moncler outlet trebaseleghe granting us permission to believe whatever alternative we prefer and therefore to believe nothing at all. piumini moncler scontatissimi

piumini moncler Trump’s falsehoods can seem arbitrary at times, emerging in early morning tweets cribbed from cable news or in digressions spewed at piumini moncler saldi some endless rally. Yet there is a method to the mendacity, which conservative moncler saldi political commentator Amanda Carpenter unpacks neatly in her book “Gaslighting America.” piumini moncler

piumini moncler saldi If you track some of Trump’s most notorious lies, you’ll recognize the steps, Carpenter explains. Step 1: “Stake a claim” on a fringe issue that few people want to touch. Step 2: “Advance and deny” that is, put the falsehood into circulation, but don’t own it. (This is Trump’s “people are saying” phase.) Third, “create suspense” by promising new evidence or revelations, even if they never appear. Fourth, “discredit the opponent” with attacks on motive or character piumini moncler saldi.